Project Description

The Most Dangerous Occupations in the UK

As industries have adapted and changed across the UK over the past century, many jobs have become regulated and automated, resulting in once hazardous jobs becoming much safer. So, what professions have replaced these roles as the most dangerous, and which occupations pose the most health risks for workers? 

In these findings, the top 25 most dangerous occupations are ranked by the top workplace incidents, excluding accidents. An incident is the chance of an occupation affecting the health of a worker overtime. The average incidence rate for the standard occupation is set at 1. These results show you how much more/less likely you are to receive that injury in each occupation.

What are the most dangerous occupations for each illness
Table ranking the top 25 most dangerous occupations

Bakers and flour confectioners take the top spot.

As you can see in the table above, bakers and flour confectioners rank number one, with an average incidence ratio rate at 18.2 times the norm. Just asthma and dermatitis alone are 88.5 times above the average number of incidents seen across all occupations.

What is the leading cause of workplace incidents for bakers?

Asthma cases for bakers equate to 83.1 times the usual amount seen in the average occupation. The inhalation of wheat flour, rye flour and dust, among other irritants causing asthma, is so common that ‘Baker’s asthma’ is a well-known work-related illness. As with certain irritants, such as types of wood dust, the inhalation of flour can cause sensitisation of the lungs and sometimes even result in an allergic response.

Cooks top the list for dermatitis. 

With 7.6 times the average workplace incidence ratio, cooks come in at fourth overall. The majority of workplace ailments in cookery are due to dermatitis, with the odds of being affected by it standing at 33.6 times the occupational average. This nasty disease is also known as eczema and appears as inflamed, irritated skin. Dermatitis can result in issues ranging from blistered skin to red, itchy patches.

The two leading causes of dermatitis that chefs will face are irritants and allergens. Common irritants include soap, detergents and water (especially hard water), all of which cooks regularly touch when sterilising hands and surfaces. Allergens will vary by person, but specific foods are particularly irritating to touch, including some oils and acidic foods such as citrus fruits.

Hairdressers and barbers come in sixth.

Surprisingly, just behind chemical and related process operatives are hairdressers and barbers, with over 600% the average chance of a workplace incident occurring. All in all, this is 6.3 times the average occupancy incidence rate.

What is the leading cause of workplace illnesses for hairdressers and barbers?

Dermatitis is responsible for 54% of ill health among this profession, which is 16.8 times the norm. As with cooks, regular washing and drying of hands is a key cause of dermatitis for hairdressers. However, hair products such as shampoo, conditioner, styling products, bleach, and perming solutions also contribute to contact dermatitis. Hair dyes and bleach can also cause allergic reactions, which further increase dermatitis for hairdressers.

Beauticians are eleventh.

Beauticians place higher than welding trades and metal workers in this analysis, with ill health being 450% above the average occupational incidence rate.

What is the leading cause of workplace incidents for beauticians?

As with hairdressers, beauticians are primarily affected by dermatitis, which is cause for 82% of incidents above average. A fundamental cause of skin irritation for beauticians is the chemicals in artificial nails. However, asthma rates are encouragingly low, which could be a result of the HSE recommendations for extraction hoods to remove acrylic fumes and dust filings.

What are the lowest risk occupations?

Among the lowest risk occupations are shopkeepers, office and hotel managers, and chemical scientists.

The chemical scientist occupation is undoubtedly a profession associated with a higher incidence rate than most of the top 25 careers. However, with an average rate of illness at just 0.3, this profession sees two-thirds fewer incidents than most.

Why are chemical scientists safer than cooks, bakers, hairdressers, and beauticians?

Despite some of the most dangerous occupations initially seeming relatively safe, there could be a couple of reasons as to why chemical scientists see fewer workplace incidents than cooks and even beauticians.

Firstly, chemical scientists handle dangerous chemicals and require a consistently sterile environment for chemical reactions. Therefore they need a high level of personal protective equipment, accompanied by industry-specific fume and chemical extractors to avoid any serious injury or contamination.

In comparison, cooks, bakers, hairdressers and beauticians will often forgo the necessary PPE as the risk isn’t necessarily an immediate threat to life. However, over time the contact with and inhaling of low-risk chemicals and irritants will eventually result in the higher rates of incidents seen in these results.

Secondly, any strong chemicals used by chemical scientists tend to have specific exposure limits and procedures for avoiding contamination. This level of vigilance doesn’t occur with excessive use of regular irritants and chemicals, such as allergic ingredients, cleaning products, hair products, or flour.

Overall, these statistics emphasise that workers and employers need to stay vigilant of any potential risks in the workplace and have the necessary extraction systems in place. Length of exposure should also be just as important as the immediate harm posed by a chemical or irritant when evaluating the safety of your workplace.

Which occupation sees the most musculoskeletal incidents?

Overall, water and sewerage plant operatives are 280% more likely to suffer a musculoskeletal incident than the average occupation. 

Which occupation is most harmful to mental health?

Dental practitioners are the highest-ranking occupation with the most mental health incidents (1.9) on this list. Mental health problems are common across all health sector workers, with dental nurses and midwives seeing the same amount of incidents. Nurses and doctors, while not on the top 25 table, also see an equal number of occurrences, which is 190% the average rate across all occupations.

Which occupation sees the most general sickness?

Farmworkers see 4.5 times general sickness incidents versus the average. Just behind this with 4.2, are water and sewerage plant occupations.

Given the many hazards faced by farmers, it’s no surprise that they’re the most affected by general sickness. Lots of moving machinery, unpredictable livestock, chemicals, silos and a noisy environment all contribute to this result. Many farming activities also create agricultural dust, from milling seed to producing agricultural feed, which can be detrimental to long term health.

Did your profession make it into the top 25 most dangerous occupations? If you have any queries specifically regarding dust and fume extraction or material extraction, don’t hesitate to get in touch to see how we can help you protect your business and staff.